In the year 2010, Tanzania Youth Vision Association (TYVA) conducted a project called Kijana na Kura Yako 2010 Project. Kijana na Kura Yako Project aimed at promoting civic education by mobilizing all Tanzanian with specific focus on youth to actively participate in the 2010 general elections as voters, candidates, election observers and play other roles. Statistics revealed that about 70% of voters in the year 2010 were youth between the ages of 15 to 35.
Given the civic education initiatives by TVYA and other stakeholders, there was no doubt that Tanzanians went to the 2010 general elections with high level of civic awareness. Tanzania had the most educated voters for the 2010 general elections as compared to past elections since independence. However, the 2010 voting turn up was the most poorest in Tanzania. For the first time, voting turn up went below 50% contrary to the elections before 2010 where turn voting turn ups had never been less than 70%.
Tanzania Development Initiatives Program (TADIP) is a think tank organization which among other things conducts research on governance and Democracy. TYVA and TADIP intended to jointly conduct a study to assess Citizen’s Participation in the past 2010 General elections for advocacy purposes. The main objective was to assess Citizen’s Participation in the 2010 General election. Other objectives included:-
- Examining the extent of citizen’s participation in the past 2010 general elections
- Examining factors influencing citizen’s participation in general elections and
- Examining citizens perception on general elections
Interview and questionnaire research methods were administered. Data collection tools was also developed whereby TYVA formed a secretariat to head the project at its head quarters and form sub teams in regions where the association has branches.
The study was conducted in Dar es Salaam, Pwani, Morogoro, Mwanza, Kilimanjaro, Arusha, Zanzibar and Mbeya. In each region two districts one in rural and one in urban set ups were included in the study. In case of Dar es salaam, all three districts at a time were included in the study. The reason why those regions were included was based on the fact that TYVA has branches or members in those areas and hence it gave the scarce resources for both TYVA and TADIP to easily cover the areas identified.